In case of refusal of registration on the national application, the international registration will also be denied. The cancellation of the registration of TM in the country of origin for any reason during the first five years of the duration of the international registration also leads to the cancellation of the international registration. However, after five years, international registration becomes independent of the registration of TM in the country of origin and continues to be valid.
Important advantages of the Madrid system are: filing an application in a single language; payment of a single international fee for obtaining registration in the countries of the Madrid Agreement; no need for professional services in each of the foreign countries. Such options significantly reduce the cost of paying foreign specialists and the amount of fees for filing an application with the WIPO International Bureau. Patent attorneys of foreign countries might take action only at the stage of examination of an application for TM in the event that interferes with its registration.
It is worth noting another important advantage of the Madrid system, which allows TM copyright holders to make further changes (for example, addresses, names, registration of assignment of trademark rights) to the international registration and extend its duration by submitting one application. However, filing an international application is not a guarantee of obtaining registration in other countries of the Madrid System, since the examination of an international application is carried out in each country in accordance with its national legislation.
Important advantages of the European trademark system are: the ability to file an application without a national application or registration of TM in the Russian Federation; no substantive examination to identify the rights of third parties; registration of TM in the absence of protests of third parties.